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Comunicacion AeronŠutica

Regulacion 7110.65
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This order prescribes air traffic control procedures and phraseology for use by persons providing airtraffic control services. Controllers are required to be familiar with the provisions of this order that pertain to their operational responsibilities and to exercise their best judgment if they encounter situations that are not covered by it.


           Terms of Reference


As used in this order:

a. “Shall” or “must” means a procedure is mandatory.

B . “Shall not” or “must not” means a procedure is prohibited.

c. “Should” means a procedure is recommended.

d. “May” or “need not” means a procedure is


e. “Will” means futurity, not a requirement for the

application of a procedure.

f. Singular words include the plural.

g. Plural words include the singular.

h. “Aircraft” means the airframe, crew members,

or both.

i. “Approved separation” means separation in

accordance with the applicable minima in this order.

j. “Altitude” means indicated altitude mean sea

level (MSL), flight level (FL), or both.

k. “Miles” means nautical miles unless otherwise

specified, and means statute miles in conjunction

with visibility.

l. “Course,” “bearing,” “azimuth,” “heading,” and

“wind direction” information shall always be

magnetic unless specifically stated otherwise.

m. “Time” when used for ATC operational

activities, is the hour and the minute in Coordinated

Universal Time (UTC). Change to the next minute is

made at the minute plus 30 seconds, except time

checks are given to the nearest quarter minute.

n. “Runway” means the runway used by aircraft,

and in discussions of separation standards is

applicable to helipads with accompanying takeoff/

landing courses. (See Pilot/Controller Glossary

term- Runway.)

o. Flight operations in accordance with the options

of “due regard” or “operational” obligates the

authorized state aircraft commander to:

1. Separate his/her aircraft from all other

airtraffic; and

2. Assure that an appropriate monitoring agency

assumes responsibility for search and rescue actions;


3. Operate under at least one of the following


(a) In visual meteorological conditions

(VMC); or

(b) Wthin radar surveillance and radio

communications of a surface radar facility; or

(c) Be equipped with airborne radar that is

sufficient to provide separation between his/her

aircraft and any other aircraft he/she may be

controlling and other aircraft; or

(d) Operate within Class G airspace.

(e) An understanding between the pilot and

controller regarding the intent of the pilot and the

status of the flight should be arrived at before the

aircraft leaves ATC frequency.


1. A pilot's use of the phrase “Going Tactical” does not

indicate “Due Regard.” An understanding between the

pilot and controller regarding the intent of the pilot and the

status of the flight should be arrived at before the aircraft

leaves air traffic control (ATC) frequency.

2. The above conditions provide for a level of safety

equivalent to that normally given by International Civil

Aviation Organization (ICAO) ATC agencies and fulfills

U.S. Government obligations under Article 3 of the

Chicago Convention of 1944 (Reference (d)), which

stipulates there must be “due regard for the safety of

navigation of civil aircraft” when flight is not being

conducted under ICAO flight procedures.

p. “CFR” means Code of Federal Regulations.